There are many definitions of self-learning in the literature. These definitions focus on certain features of self-learning. Self-Directed Learning is based on the principle that learners in different learning environments take responsibility for and direct their own learning.

Self-Directed Learning; which requires the learner to have the cognitive and affective characteristics required to perform this process effectively and aims at continuity in learning. In order for self-learning to take place, it must have acquired Self-Learning Skills. The concept of Self-Direkted Learning Skills has two main components. Self-Direkted Learning Preparation Skills and Self-Directed Learning Implementation Skills.

Self-Directed Learning Skills and their sub-dimensions are given in the Figure below.

Figure. Self-Directed Learning Skills

If the learner or student does not have the Self-Direkted Learning Skills shown in the Figure, it will not be possible to apply a vertical-axis approach to lifelong learning in the education system.